10 Sep 2022: Daily Facts Of The Day
The Borra caves in Andhra Pradesh
- Located in the Ananthagiri hills of the Eastern Ghats range in Alluri Sitharama Raju district in Andhra Pradesh, the Borra caves are among the deepest caves in India.
- The caves created millions of years ago by water activity, mainly by the Gosthani river, are a rare geological formation.
- They are basically karstic limestone structures extending to a depth of 80 meters.
- The ancient caves were discovered by the Geological Survey of India in 1807.
- The cave is highly valuable for anthropological research, as excavations carried out earlier unearthed stone tools of middle Paleolithic culture dating between 30,000 and 50,000 years ago.`
Undavalli Caves in Andhra Pradesh
- The Undavalli Caves date back to the 7th century BC and are a prime example of rock-cut architecture.
- The caves are about 8 kilometers from Vijayawada and offer a unique perspective into ancient religious practices.
- The caves are carved out of sandstone on the side of a hill. While there are many caves, the largest is the one that is most popular for its huge monolith of Lord Vishnu in the reclining posture.
- The main cave is a prime example of Gupta architecture style, which concentrated on primitive rock-cut monastery cells.